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HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 




LIBRARY 



OF THE 

MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY 

Bequest op 
WILLIAM BREWSTER 




[WILLIAM RRFW5^TFR|jf 




FEB 10 1920 



THE 





L 





Vol.1. No. 1. 



Gainesville, Texas, MARcn, 1886. 



Publishecl Monthly, 
50 Caats per Year. 



[For the Sunny South Oologiat.] 

THE WAXWIN(JS. 

( Bomhycillidae,) 



The Waxwings are a small but very ir.ter- 
esting family of birds, only two species are 
known to visit Canada, or perhaps the whole 
of North America. These are the well- 
known "Cherry -bird," and the Northern, or 
Bohemian Wax-wing. These species are 
also sometimes called Chatterers, but this is 
a strange misnomer, as they are among the 
most silent of our birds, their only notes 
being a kind of wheezy whistle. The term 
** Wax-wing," however, has been applied to 
them from the fact that the wings are pro- 
vided with a curious horny appendage of 
the color of red sealing-wax. The young 
are without these wing-ornaments, and have 
a streaked plumage. If taken young from 
the nest, and provided with proper food, 
they are easily raised, and become pleasing- 
pets. The Cherry-bird usually visit this 
country about the first day of June, but 
the northern chatterers visits us only in the 
winter season. 



THE CHERRY BIRD. 

{Ampelis Cedrorum.) 
This beautiful and widely diffused species 
Is, as its name implies, very partial to ripe 
cherries and other small fruit, and it is there- 
fore no friend to the market-gardener. It 
is also in some places called the Cedar bird, 
from its fondness to low cedar-groves, 
where it often resorts for the purposes of 
shelter, nesting, and feeding on the berries 
of the soft-wood* In. its nesting habits it 
resembles the King-bird, but it exhibits none 
of the warlike propensities that characterise 
that species, but, on the contrary, apart 
from its fruit -loving nature, it is one of the 
most peaceful and innocent of creatul'es. 
Its love for ripe cherries is however so strong 
that it will risk its life almost anytime, in 
order to obtain these tempting dainties, and 
at such times it has little dread of the sound 
of the shot gun, or fear of a scare crow. Be- 



sides cherries, it also feeds on strawberries, 
raspberries and currants; and when these are 
in season it is a continual source of annoy- 
ance to the small fruit grower. It frequents 
most of the temperate regions of North 
America, being found from Mexico to the 
northern regions of Ontario, and is noted 
for the silky softness and beautiful shading 
of its plumage, gentleness of disposition, in- 
nocence of character, extreme sociability, 
love of freedom, and constant desire of 
wandering. Its flight is easy, sometimes 
lofty, and it moves about in companies of 
from four to eight, and when about to alight 
often makes several turnings before doing so. 
Both sexes are alike in color of plumage, the 
head of each being ornamented with a crest. 
The (Jherry bird is migratory, coming to us 
about the first of June, and though nesting 
in July and August, generally departs again 
soon after the harvest is over in September, 
and though it feeds much on fruit and ber- 
ries, it also destroys great numbers of insects, 
especially caterpillars, which infest fruit 
trees; this, in some measure, making com- 
pensation for the mischief it commits among 
the products of the garden. After feeding 
they will sometimes sit in little clusters on a 
projecting branch, dressing their plumage; 
and this social trait in their character is 
taken advantage of by wanton sportsmen, 
who, by shooting at them at such times, 
makes sad havoc in their numbers. During 
their sojourn in Canada they frequent gar- 
dens, orchards, beaver-meadows, low grounds 
where there is a second growth of willow 
and black-ash, low ceder groves, and the 
margins of the woods in the old settled dis- 
tricts, but they do not penetrate into the 
woods, and are seldom observed in the im- 
mediate backwoods. Their favorite nesting 
places are orchards, or among low second 
growth black-ash, or maple, and the nest is 
usually placed in a fork, or on a branch, and 
composed of a variety of materials, as wool, 
bit of rags, bramble, stalks of fine dry weeds, 
grasses, fibers of bark, ravelings of rape, and 



^ 



THE SUNNY SOUTIf O 



ii'ti odLo 



GIST. 



rootlets, the eggs four to six, are of a slate 
or inky-wliite color,- dotted with purplish- 
brown; they measure 86x65# in general, but 
they vary both in size and form. The bird 
itself is between six and seven indie's in 
length, and its general color is reddish-olive^ 
or dusty-brown; the chin,- ffontlets^ and a 
line above each eye are black, the lower 
parts are yellow^ and the wings and tail are 
dusky gray^ 

THE NOKTHEKN WAXWINGf. 

(Ampelis gafrulus.) 
This bird is not a summer resident of On- 
tario, but when driven from its haunts in 
more northern latitudes,- by the severity of 
the winter reason ^ it sometimes visits this 
country in quest of food. Then it associates 
in small flocks; and approaching the habita- 
tions of man^ either in town or country^ and 
feeds on the berries of mountain-ash,- and the 
seeds of evergreens* On one occasion I 
noticed a pretty large company feeding on 
the stalks of mullens^ that protruded through 
the snow. On these occasions it may be 
caught in grain-baited traps, like the snow, 
birds. Its native home appears to be the fine 
tegions of British Columbia, and other 
northern mountain regions, where it feeds 
on the cones ol pines and other evergreens,- 
and small fruits. Its disposition is sociable,- 
and it loves the company of its own species. 
Its general color is ashy-broWn; head and 
throat marked with black; the tail has a yel- 
low band, and the wing's are marked with 
Ivhite and red. Its length is seven and one- 
half inches. The nest and eggs of this 
species are said to differ with those of the 
Cedar- Waxwing only in size, and the breed- 
ing habits are much the same. 

L. W. Kells, Listowel,^ Ont. 
■#-#'* 

FoT the Siinny ScHith Oolc^gist. 

Collecting among the sea-birds 

or MAINE. 



For some time I had been looking forward 
to a trip^ with a friend who is an ardent col- 
lector, among the sea-birds that frequent our 
coast in large numbers during the summer 
months. Our start, made early in the morn- 
ing to gain time, was quite unsuccessful, for 
Ivhen about two miles from home the wind 



suddenly died out and left us envying a feW 
fishing boats that were nearer the shore and 
had a fine breeze. For two hours we were 
*'as idle as a painted ship upon a painted- 
ocean/' At last the long wished for breeze 
arrived and we sped merrily upon our way. 
At noon we arrived at our first stopping, 
place, Fisherman Island, This is a small 
rocky island one quarter of a mile long, and 
a breeding place of the common Terns, who 
resort here in large numbers to lay their egg& 
and rear their young. 

The birds made themselves known long be-- 
fore we landed^ hovering over our heads^ 
uttering their shrill cries, now and then dart- 
ing at us as though in anger and well aware 
of our object. On landing all the birds arose 
in the air and made such an uproar with 
their cries that it was almost impossible to 
hear any one speak in an ordinary tone of 
Voice. Here we picked up forty -two sets of 
Tern's eggs, also a number of single eggs oi 
the same and two sets of Spotted Sand-piper.- 
The eggs on this island are kept picked up 
quite clean by the fishermen who live on the 
mainland three miles distant, and who use 
them for cooking,, although ^hey have an oily 
taste peculiar to sea-birds. 

To illustrate how they are kept picked up,, 
not a young bird was found on the whole 
islESnd, althoiSgh the birds had been laying 
three or four weeks, and but few of the eggs- 
were incubated, none so but that they could 
be blown. This place i& quite a resort of 
Bank Swallows, but all the nes-ts examined 
contained young. Our next stopping place 
was to be Marblehead Island, a round island 
rising out of the sea like a ball floating on 
the water, and difficult to land on as there is^ 
no beach and a heavy swelL As the wind- 
had died out again we took the sm^ll boat 
and rowed out. Here we found thirty-one 
sets of Tern's eggs, and w'hat we least ex- 
pected, three sets of Black Guillemot. This 
was quite a surprise to us for we had no* 
knowledge of the birds breeding within 
twenty-five miles of here, although they 
breed abundantly on some islands that dis- 
tance from here. The eggs are placed in the 
most out of the way places imaginable, un- 
der an overhanging rock on the cliffs in al- 
most inaccessible places. While searching; 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



3 



here we found a dead Guillemot among the 
rocks, and fully idenlified it but the bird 
was not in a fit state to skin, much to our dis- 
appointment, as these birds are hard to ob- 
tain, being expert divers and swimei-s. On 
our way back to our sail-boat we shot several 
Terns for skins. Wc then continued our 
way out to sea. as we intended to visit sev- 
eral islands before we returned among which 
were Little Green, where the Petrels, Terns, 
Guillemots, and Laughing Gulls breed, and 
JMetinic, where there is a Heronrj^ But we 
were to be disappointed as it will soon be 
seen. That night we stopped at Dix Island, 
far-famed for the granite it has produced, but 
the quarries are now deserted except by the 
red-and-buff shouldered Blackbirds who 
breed here in large numbers. Our resting 
place was the soft side of the pine boards 
that formed the seats of the boat, and wrap- 
ped in our blankets were soon asleep and 
■dreaming of the fun that was to come. The 
next morning was cold and stormy but after 
b-ieakfast we started on our way. In a short 
time a drizzling rain commenced, so we de- 
cided to return home and make the attempt 
on a more favorable day- When near home 
at cleared up, so we kept on up the bay and 
stopped at Jobs Island. Here we spent the 
day exploring, and collecting specimens. 
We also ascended to the nest of a fish haw^k 
which contained two young about half 
grown; these were returned to the nest un- 
Jiarmed much to the satisfaction of the old 
l)irds who were flying around the nest in 
great distress. 

The next morning was rainy, so we re- 
turned home early in the day, well satisfied 
with the result. V. E. Piston. 

Rockland, Me., Jan. 15, 1886. 

^»-^*»- 

TFor the Sutmy South Oologist.] 

CHUCKWILLS WIDOW. 

(Anthrostomus CaroUnensis.) 

The '^huckwills widow is one of our rare 
summer residents; arriving about the first 
week in May, perhaps sooner in extreme 
cases in other localities, 

I can always mark its arrival by its plain- 
tiff note, which can be heard just as the sun 
sinks behind the horizon, and is kept up al- 
ternately till a late hour. The sound of its 



note is exactly similar to its name only the 
' ' Chuck" being rather short- Its nesting place 
is generally on oak ridges. Its nest is noth- 
ing more than a slight depression in the 
ground near an old decayed log or brush. 
Both the male and female are hardly dis- 
cernable from the Whippoorvvill both in 
color and size only the former being a size 
larger. 

I relate here a few incidents of one of my 
collecting trips last summer, which I hope 
will be interesting to my fellow collectors. 

On May 25th, I was out collecting and 
came upon a nest of the above species. At 
the time I thought I had found my desired 
treasure; but to my great disappointment I 
soon observed two little downy creatures of 
a light brownish color that had Just rolled 
out of the shell; I did not know at the time 
exactly w^hat to do, but meditating a few 
moments upon the subject a new i3lan entered 
my mind; so I concluded to destroy the 
young and to watch the parent birds. I 
watched the plaee where they had their pre- 
vious nest daily for about a fortnight. So 
on the aforesaid date (June 7) about 12 
o'clock M. , I started to the locality in which 
I had found the previous nest. It was only 
500 yards from my father's residence so I was 
soon upon the spot. I searched in every nook 
and corner until at last I thought it was all 
in vain, so I retraced my foootsteps toward 
home ; but just as I turned I espied the male 
perched on a decayed log. I knew the fe- 
male must be near; so I commenced to 
search dilligently in every direction, and as I 
neared a small swamp I came upon the 
female; as soon as she flew, I rushed to the 
spot, and to m}^ great delight, I descried my 
long sought for treasures — "a set of two of 
the most beautiful specimens of oology." 

It was one of the happiest events of my 

collecting life as far as I have experienced 

Their color is of a clear crystal white^ 

marked over the entire surface with blotches 

of dark purplish brown and light lavender, 

with occasional marking of umber. Taking 

it altogether, I think that the eggs of the 
foregoing species are the most beautiful I 
ever saw. They depart for their Southern 
home about the last week in August; the 
exact date I am unable to say. 

F. D. FoxHALL, Oxford, N. C. 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 




TIEHIIE 

Sunny South 

A Monthly Devoted to the Interests 
of Ornithologists and Oologists. 

EDITBD AND PUBLISHED BY 

GAINESVILLE, TEXAS. 

AVe request all of our readers to send us de- 
scriptions of their collecting trips, or any items 
of intesest relating to birds, their nests or eggs. 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. 

Single subscription 50 cents per year. 

Foreign countries 65 " " 

Sample copies 5 cents each. 

(No stamps taken for subscription.) 

ADVERTISING RATES. 

Single insertions 10 cents per line. 

1 mo. 2 mo. 3 mo. 

51ines f .40 ^.75 $1.00 

1 inch 75 1.35 2.00 

1-2 column 2.00 3.50 4.50 

1 column 3..50 5.50 8.00 

1 page 6.00 10.00 13.00 

Yearly advertisements payable quarterly in 
advance. 

Sg^All advertisements must be in by the 18th 
of each month, to insure insertion in the next 
issue. 

KEFERENCES ." 

THE GAINESVILLE NATIONAL BANK, and 
FIRST NAT'L BANK OF GAINESVILLE. 

Entered at the post-office at Gainesville as 

second-class matter. 

All copy for the April number of the Sunny 
South Oologist must reach us before March 
16th. 

Our advertisers are all reliable, and you 
will get value received for any amount of 
money sent them. 

Don't fail to read the great offers to sub- 
scribers and "club getters" on the outside 
page of cover leaf. 

I will make liberal offers to "club getters," 
from time to time. Read them this month, 
and begin work at once. 

Advertisers will find it to their interest to 
advertise in the Sunny South Oologist, as it 
has a very large circulation. 

All subscriptions will commence with this 
number. When remitting please state 
whether you have received a copy or not. 

Look out tliis month for nests of the owl 
and hawks. Some of the owls haye already 
begun nesting as early as Februar3^ 



We had to leave out several interesting 
articles this month, but will take particular 
pains in having them in our next issue. 



Mr. J. A. Powell of Waukegan, 111. , will 
please accept our thanks for a package of 
Canadian Porcupine quills. They are real 
curiosities. 



We depend upon you all in making this 
little journal an interesting monthly, and will 
gladly publish anything relating to birds sent 
in by our friends. 



A very large eagle was killed near Gaines- 
ville a few weeks since, measuring seven 
feet 6 inches from tip to tip. A rare bird for 
Cooke county. 

We will not take postage stamps in pay- 
ment for subscriptions or advertisements 
under any circumstances. Send by Postal 
Note or Money Order. 

Mr. W. O. Emerson of Haywards, CaL, 
reports finding the nest of a Humming Bird 
containing eggs on February 22d, in that 
locality. The earliest on record. 

Our columns are open to all. old and 
young, and we will expect you to send in de- 
scriptions of your "collecting trips," and anj^- 
thing interesting about birds, their nests and 

f>(Tcr« 



Two Barn Owls took ciiarge of the cupola 
of the court house of Gainesville, in the 
spring of 84, and succeeded in laying four 
eggs. But they were soon routed, and one 
of' them captured by a few of our mis- 
chievous boys. 

Mr. H. G. Spaulding, publisher of "The 
Michigan Philatelist," and late of Manches- 
ter, Mich., has removed his office to Battle 
Creek, Mich., and will, alter March 1st, issue 
the "Collector's Science Monthly" from that 
place. Read advertisment. 

Mr. Oliver Davis infcrms me thnt his 
"New Key" will be delayed somewhat by 
the destruction of tire of the illustrations at 
the photo-engravers on Arch steet, Pliiladel- 
phia, on the morning of the 25111 of Jaiuiary, 
by fire. The drawings were burned, and he 
is now having them made oyer again. 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST, 



We expect to enlarge our monthly as soon 
as we are convinced it will pay us to do so. 
Now if you want a real live Oologist paper, 
and one which will always be brimming full 
of reliable knowledge, show your willingness 
to help us by sending 50 cents, and receive 
the Sunny South Oologist for one year. 



Hundreds of bright colored parrots were 
seen near Brownwood, Texas, last summer 
(supposed to have come from Central Amer- 
ica), something which has never happened 
before. There were also a great many more 
crows than usual. Many of the superstitious 
people of that place consider it an omen of 
bad luck. 

Ealph S, Tarr, (in the January number of 
"Tidings from Nature ") speaking of the 
English Sparrow says: "In the southern and 
western states, beyond the Mississippi river, 
this bird has not been observed." In mak- 
ing a correction here, I will state that we 
have the little "tramp" by the thousands in 
all of the principle cities and towns of Lou- 
siana, and I think I encountered them as far 
west as Las Vegas, N. M., this past season. 



KIND WORDS. 



ALDOBON AND THE SNAKE. 



A very amusing anecdote is told of 
Audobon, which happened while on his 
collecting tour through the Sunny 
South some years ago. He and his 
friend were watching a woodpecker fly to 
and from a series of holes excavated in 
the trunk of an old tree. The bird at 
last stayed in the holes longer than 
usual, so Audobon concluded to climb 
the tree, and. if possible, capture the 
bird by closing the openings of the holes. 
When he had reached the supposed hole, 
he was in the act of putting in his hand, 
when a large black snake poked his head 
out. At the moment he was so fright- 
ened that he let go all holds and fell 
headlong to the ground. His friend, 
seeing him fall, rushed to his assistance, 
and on inquiring if he was hurt (which 
accidentally he was not), received this 
answer: ''No, I am not hurt, but if you 
want to see a frightened snake, just climb 
that tree and look into that hole." 



"I sincerely hope your paper will be a 
success, and may it come to stay." 

Fred. M. Dille, Greeley, Col. 



mg 



"I wish you success in your undertak- 
J. A. SiNGLEY, Giddings, Texas. 



"Your magazine is just the thing we 
have needed in the south for many a year, 
and I wish it all manner of success." 

Oliver Davie, Columbus, Ohio. 



"I sincerely wish your paper all success 
and prosperity." 

A. M. Shields, Los Angeles, CaL 



"I wish you success." 

E. M. Haight, Riverside, Cal. 



"I wish you much success in the jour- 
nalistic field," 

Chas. Cates, Jr., Decatur, Texas. 



"Your proposed Oologist is welcomed) 
and I wish you success." 

R. B. Truslot, Valparaiso, Ind. 



"I hope you will have success in issu- 
ing your paper." 

V. E. Piston, Rockland, Me. 

•'By all means publish it ; we will give 
it our most earnest and hearty support." 

F. D. & J. H. FOXHALL, 

Oxford, N. C. 

"I wish you the utmost success in your 
new business venture." 

A. M. Ingersoll, 
San Francisco, Cal. 

"I hope The Sunny South Oologist a 
success." 

Geo. F. Guelf, Brockport, N. Y. 



'*I hope you will have unlimited suc- 
cess." Geo. H. Selover, 

Lake City, Minn. 



6 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOr.OGlST. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



While out collecting last season I 
found a nest of the Cardinal Grosbeak 
containing two fresh eggs, and a young 
bird fully fledged. When I approached 
the nest the bird jumped from it to the 
ground. 

Phil Schayarz, Gainesville, Texas. 



While on a collecting tour last spring 
I found a nest of the Mocking Bird con- 
taining five eggs of the "Mocker," and 
four of the Lark Finch, all fresh. How 
is this for an omelet? J. H. B. 



Can you tell me what kind of a bird it 
is that flies around my orchard ? It re- 
sembles the Mocking Bird very mucli, 
only is smaller. I have had three 
canaries killed by it in the past month ; 
the bird was very bold, and came on the 
inside of the house to kill the last, 

Mrs. L. C. H. 

I think it is the white-rumped Shrike 
you speak of, for I have before heard of 
their killing canaries in this neighbor- 
hood. 



Will you please tell me the name of 
the eggs I found last season ? The nest 
was p aced in the top of a peach ti ee and 
constructed of green srass well woven 
together and lined with cotton ; it con- 
tained five eggs of a greenish-white color, 
streaked and spotted with brown and 
black. 

James L. Long, McKinney, Texas. 

Erom your description they must have 
been the eggs of the Orchard Oriole. 



July 12ih, 1885. — About a week ago 
I made a visit to ''Crane Island" in Lake 
Minnetonka, and found the trees on one 
part of the island "loaded" with great 
Blue Heron's nests, and the other part 
with some species of Cormorant; but as 
it was very late in the season no eggs 
could be obtained. Turkey Buzzards, 
Cranes and Pelicans also breed there 
sparingly, "You bet" I won't fail to be 
on hand next season and ''rake in" the 
eggs. There is an island near this called 



"Eagle Island," where a pair of Bald 
Eagles have nested for more than ten 
years. Three days ago while passing 
this island in a boat I saw the female sit- 
ting on the nest, and I think this is the 
second brood for this year, for 'about a 
week since a boy killed a young one on 
the island. If all is well, Burch Moffett 
and myself wdll go over to morrow to 
determine for ourselves. 

Geo. G. Cantwell, 

Minneapolis, Minn. 



■^ o »■ 



[For the Sunny South Oologist,] 

THE AMERICAN GOLDFINCH. 

(Astragalinus tristis.) 



This bird is one of the commonest in most 
parts of the country, and is familiar to every 
one. In various sections tlie names "wild 
canary," "thistle bird," etc., are applied to 
it. In color this species is a bright golden- 
yellow, except the shoulders and head, which 
are black. In winter it is so changed in color 
as to be almost another bird, being brown and 
black, and altogether a very sober looking 
bird. This bird remains in most of the 
northern states all winter, flying about the 
cities in flocks of three or four dozen, living 
mostly on the seeds of ditierent small shrubs 
and weeds. It is a very late breeder, very 
seldom beginning to build before the first of 
July. During that month the nest is made, 
eggs are deposited, and generally the young 
are hatched; sometimes they are very late, 
as in 1885, one nest w^as found on the 27tli 
of August, containing four fresh eggs. The 
eggs are a pure white when laid, but in being 
incubated or blown, become a beautiful light 
blue which will not fade. They are from 
four to seven in number; usually five. If a 
nest and a set of birds are taken, the hi ds 
almost always build another in the same 
place, and another set is deposited, generally 
containing four eggs. The nest is composed 
of the outside covering of the last years' 
thistles, and carefully and thickly lined with 
the soft down of the same; it measures about 
three inches by two and one-half outside, 
and two by one and one-half inches inside. 
It is placed in a tall thistle or small bush 
from three to fifteen feet from the ground, 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



and is securely fastened. Sometimes a col- 
ony of a dozen pairs will nest in a patch of 
thistles a few rods square. This species 
nests in company with the Indigo Bunting. 
The writer once found a nest of the Gold- 
finch five feet up in a thistle, while three 
feet below was the nest of the Indigo bird, 
both containing eggs. This bird is not much 
of a singer, having only a few notes, and 
none at all during the nesting season or in 
winter. 

Geo. H. Seloyer, Lake City, Mmn. 

—*-♦-•- 

[For the Sunny South Oologist] 

COLORADO BIRDS. 

Black Billed Magpie. 

{Pica Busticata Hudsonica.) 



Persons tarrying in Colorado even for a 
short time we presume have seen more or 
less of this saucy bird with the long tail, and 
many are the amusing anecdotes thereof 
that the tourist or camper might tell. 

The mountains are the favorite resort of 
the Magpie, and no hill, valley or ranche 
seems complete unless the discordant prattle 
of our "Colorado parrot" can be heard at any 
hour. I have bsen awakened at unreason- 
able hours of the night by their call, and on 
the clear moonlight nights, which are a fea- 
ture of Colorado's phenomena, they hold on 
all sides loud rehearsals of their "Chinese 
medleys." 

During the breeding season, and in few 
numbers, these birds venture out on the olains, 
.but the mountains are their home the year 
round, summer and winter alike, only in the 
latter season they move about, and congre- 
gate in large numbers. 

Habits and food similiar to the common 
crow, but in cunning and prowess I consider 
them superior to their cousins. Fold and 
daring, yet very wary; living wholly upon 
decayed and refuse animal matter; with their 
sense of smell highly developed they are 
somewhat in their way a benefit to mankind. 

The song which is alwavs the same thouirh 
not unpleasant, is very monotonous as a 
steady diet, yet as from the Longcrested 
Jay when very near and unobserved I 
have heard a ver^^ low, plaintive and beau- 



tiful song, but never heard one sing that way 
except in their wild and natural element. 

When taken young they make great pets 
and are easily domesticated. Several in- 
stances are on record where they have been 
taught to talk by splitting their tongue (I 
would not vouch for this myself however.) 

In general appearance the magpie is very 
striking especially on the wing, they are of a 
lustrous black with green, purple and violet 
iridesence on the tail and wings. Large 
spots of white stand out on the body and 
wings and the tail, which is larger than, 
the body 12 inches or more, and of fantastic 
shape, stands straight out behind. 

The nest is a very large structure made out 
of the coarsest of sticks and lined inside with 
fine roots all firmlv bound together with 
adobe. Always roofed over and with two 
door-ways on opposite sides, while setting on 
the nest, his lordships long tail can be seen 
pointing out one door-way, but he must 
"exit" out the other. 

These immense nests can be seen from 
great distances and are placed at all heights 
from six feet in the small saplin to 40 feet 
in the large pine tree. In a single black pine 
whose branches spread over an immense 
area, I have seen four inhabited nests. Dur- 
ing the breeding season they are quite re- 
tired and not noisy when their nest is ap- 
proached and eggs taken. Eggs vary from 
5 to 9 in number the usual and most common 
number being 7 — but I have taken as high as 
11 in different stages of incubation from 
a single nest. They are of pale greenish 
or occasionally a dull yellowish white 
ground, very thickly spotted witli brown of 
various shades, more particularly around the 
larger end, size 1:20x90 to 1:40x1:00. 

Some authoriites have stated that they 
never build in a pine tree; this is incorrect, as 
over three-fourth of the nests built here are 
in pine trees. The same nest answers year in 
and year out. 

The breeding season is earh'. On the 
plains they breed at least a month earlier 
than in the mountains, and fresh eggs can be 
taken the latter part of April. 

On the whole the magpie is a very good 
citizen; he goes along about his business, 
does not pick on the smaller birds: is on 



8 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



good terms with all domestic animals, and 
rids the earth of a great deal of decaying 
animal matter. 

If he should leave us and join his yellow 
billed brother in California we would miss 
him very much and could forgive his numer- 
ous trick and deceitful ways, yet at the same 
time we hope the "yellow bill" will not 
come here, for we have enough of them 
now. 

Fred M. Dille, Greely, Col. 



-4"*- 



[For the Sunny,"South;Oblogist.] 

THE SOLITAKY YIREO. 

(Laniviseo Solitarius^ Viell Baird.) 



The Solitary Vireo is not equally distri- 
buted over North America, or the United 
States of North America, but its range ex- 
tends from the Atlantic to the Pacific; but 
the bird takes on some different characters 
in the Southern Rocky Mountain region, and 
is known as the Plumbeous Vireo. This 
Vireo is more abundant on the eastern and 
western portion of the United States than in 
the interior. I have not found any record 
stating that it is common west of the Miss- 
issippi River, and east of the foot hills of the 
Rockies. The Texas record is interesting as 
showing its rarity in Texas. Dr. J. C. Merrill 
noted it at Brownsville, Texas, on August 27, 
1877, and it is the only record I find of the 
fall fight (in Texas.) Mr. Geo. B. Sennett 
found only one specimen during his two vis- 
its to the region of Hidalgo in the spring. 
Mr. Sennett's example inclined toward both 
the type and sub species. Mr. N. C. Brown 
visited Kimball Co., Texas, twice and got 
one February 3, 1883. (Auk Vol. 1, No. 2, 
page 122. ) Lieut. Mc ' 'auly saw it ' 'occasion- 
ally" on the upper Red River (of Texas,) and 
Mr. Nehrling reports it as "rare during 
migrations," near Houston, Texas. Dr. 
Woodhouse does not report it at all. 'I he 
only note I have of its occurrence in Cook 
County, Texas, is May 7, 1877, and this speci. 
men was not preserved. 

G. H. Ragsdale. 

Gainesville, Texas, 
January 27,1886. 



lyor the Sunny South Oblogist.] 

WATER OUZEL, or AMERICAN DIPPER. 

{Cinclus Mexicanus Swai7is.) 



This is one of our most common birds ; 
one of the few that do not fear our stormy 
winters, but may be seen around their 
favorite haunts at any season in the year. 
In appearence this bird is more like the 
wren than any other common bird, al- 
though in some respects it very much 
resembles the Sand Piper. When at 
rest on the water's edge, it balances 
and nods, at the same jerkeng its tail in 
a way that is very much like the actions 
of the latter under similar circumstances. 

The Dipper is a very unsocial little 
fellow, and not only has he very positive 
ideas in regard to his right to some certain 
portion of the stream, around and in 
which he lives, but he is not slow to 
forcibly resent any intrusion by a weaker 
brother, into his chosen domain. I have 
seen many of them, either in pairs or 
singly but never saw more than two 
together. 

The food of the water Ouzel consists 
mainly of a quatic insects, which it pro- 
cures under the water at the bottom of 
some clear mountain stream. He is 
capable of moving about under water 
with the greatest of ease, and may be 
seen, in some clear pool, to half fly, half 
scramble along the bottom with great 
rapidity, clinging with its feet to the 
small plants and stones over which it 
passes. 

The sonsr of the bird is much like that) 
of the Brown Thrush ; and although it is 
not so loud nor strong, surpasses it in 
clearness and sweetness of tones. In the 
spring one can scarcely cross a stream 
without hearing the bell-like notes of en- 
couragwuent with which it cheers its 
mate. 

The nest, which is generally in the 
form of a more or less perfect sphere, the 
symmetry depending in a great measure 
upon the acivantages of the situation. 
The lower part of the nest is composed of 
small sticks, and the upper part, or dome, 
of moss and fine grasses. The entrance, 
which is placed low down on one side, is 



TIIK SUNNY SOUTH OoLOGIST. 



larfje enouo;li to admit the hand. Some- 
times the nest is placed among the roots of 
a fallen tree, or under an overhanging 
bank; sometimes it is built on the side of 
a projecting rock, but under all circum- 
stances, it is very near some clear, dash- 
ing stream. The eggs, generally three, 
occasionally four or perhaps even five, 
are of a clear vi^hite color ; their shape is 
rather elongate and pointed, measuring a 
fraction over an inch in length, by some- 
what less than three-fourths of an inch in 
breadth. Gordon D. Peakce. 

Estes Park, Colorado. 



[For the Sunny South Oologist.] 

THE BLUE GROSBEAK. 
{Guiraca ccerulea.) 

It don't always pay to be too positive, 
I have taken many nests of the above 
species and until the season of It-^o 
never found one that did not contain the 
essential (?) cast of snakeskin. From this 
I reasoned that it would always be found 
in the nest of this species. My -'positive- 
ness" was staggered, when on iNIay 11 th, 
1885, I found a nest without the Snake- 
skin and again on the 23d, when I took 
another nesl also minus the Snakeskin. 

The last mentioned nest, by the way 
has a history; I found il on the morning 
of the 14t'h when the birds had just 
commenced buildings; it was placed in 
a small peach tree about twenty feet 
from my door, as I was desirous of learn- 
ing all I could about the nidification, 
habits, etc. of this bird. I devoted a page 
of my notebook to this pair. The nest was 
commenced on the 14tli, the female doing 
all the work, the male perched in a tree 
close by uttering his sharp nervous 
''chep." The nest was finished eaily on 
the morning of the 16th nn egg deposited 
every morning on the 17th, 18th, 19th and 
2()th. and on the last mentioned day the 
fomale commenced incubatino-. the mule 
was never very far off. ''Things went 
merry as a marriage bell." until the 'iod, 
when hi-aring a great huobub amongst 
the chickens I piik^d up my gun and 
stepped, oat as I thonght there might 
be a hawk about. A Swallow-tailed 
Kit3 was snling overhei^cl and as I 



stood watching him he suddenly closed 
his wings and straight as an arrow from 
the bow he made for the tree wherein 
Mr. and Mrs. Grosbeak had home- 
steaded. I saw the friMitened Grosbeak 
try to escape, but it had scarcely got clear 
of the tree before the Kite had her in his 
talons and was winging his way towards 
the bottoms. Thus endedeth the tale. 
The eggs are now in my collection. 

J. A. Sing LEY, Giddings, Tex. 

[For the Sunny South Oologist.] 

NESTING OE WHITE EYE OR FLORIDA 
TOWHEE. 

• (Pipilo erythroptlialmus, var. alleni.) 



There is a very great contrast between 
the Red-eye and White-eye Towhee in 
their nesting, to almost take them to be 
two different species of birds, instead of 
only a varieties of same species. The 
Red-eye I have never found except on 
the ground in a bunch of briers, grass, or 
bushes, with the nest covered over on 
top, while the White-eye cliifley builds 
on young pine trees from three to ten 
feet liioh, with nest uncovered, the nest 
cannot be recoi^nized from the vellow 
breasted Chat, unless the bird is seen 
leavins' the nest. The eo^os of the 
White-eye are also smaller than the Red- 
e3^e, also much lighter in color, and the 
mark-ings not so distinct. On May 
18th, 1885, I found one with three fresh 
eggs in a pine tree three feet from the 
gi'ound, found several with incubation 
too far advanced to lake, also several 
with young in dillerent stages. We have 
both Red-eye and White-eye Towhee 
breed here; they both breed twice in 
the season ; our season for collecting 
will soon commence, as Owls, Hawks, 
Nuthatches, and a few others will com- 
mence in February to build. 

G. Noble, Savannah, Ga. 

January 2 1st, 1886. 



Exchaimes and Wants. 



l^rief exolmiiL'e or ^vant notices, not exceeding: 
thirty words, will 1 e in-s^erted free in this column to 
i<ul)scril)crs only. Voticcs over thirty words will be 
ch;ir<:ed attheVateof one-half cent per word. To 
outsiders, 25 c^nts for each insertion, cash with ord^r. 



10 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



In answering advertisements please mention this 
paper. 

TEXAS SPECIMENS. 

First-class eggs of Mocking Bird, 7 cents; Lark 
Finch, 12 cents; Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, 15 
cents; Cardinal Grosbeak, 10 cents; Painted 
Bunting, 15 cents; Texan Orchard Oriole, 10 cents; 
Yellow-billed Cuckoo, 15 cents; Texan Quail, 15 
cents; Carolina Wren, 15 cents; Tufted Titmouse, 
fj.OO; Carolina Chickadee, 40 cents; Blu.e Gros- 
beak, 45 cents; Dwarf Cowbird, 45 cents; Texan 
Screech Owl, $1.00; Mourning Dove, 5 cents. 
Eggs single or in sets with data. 

Skins of Mocking Bird, Tufted Titmouse, Car- 
dinal Grosbeak, Meadow Lark, Hed-bellied 
"Woodpecker, 20 cents each; Carolina Chickadee, 
Carolina Wren, Texan Quail, 25 cents. Scissor- 
tailed Flycatcher, 50 cents. 

Scorpions, 2 for 10 cents; Cotton Bolls, 5 cents. 
A specimen of the beautiful "Burnet Grarute, 
(used exclusively in constructing the new State 
Capital at Austin) for 10 cents. Five rare, cu.rious 
and beautiful minerals (inckiding granite) for 25 
cents. Everything postpaid and satisfaction 
guaranteed. Agent for "The Sunny South 
Oologist. A year's subscription presented to 
evei-y one ordering specimens to the amount of 
$2.50 from above list. Address 

J. A. SINGLEY, 

Box 14 Giddings, Lee Co., Texas. 




Best Make, LoAvest Prices 



Name stamps, complete, only 25 cents (regular 
price $1); name and address, complete, only 37 
cents (regular price |1.40); nickle plated self 
inking pencil or pocket Stamp, 1 to 3 lines, with 
ink, only 40 cents. Illustrated Specimen Book 
and confidential terms to agents for 8 cents. 
Circulars free. 

Special reduced prioes to publishers offer- 
ing my stamps as premiums. 

AGENTS WANTED, BIG PAY. 

(Igp^ Several fine printing presses and outfit 
for sale cheap. 

T. S. SPAIIROW^, 

Vei'ona, xsT. ^". 



IF you want to receive Free Samples, 
circulars and Newspapers from novel- 
ty dealers and pxiblishcns all over the United 
States and Canada, send 20 c(Uits and have your 
namp entered in the "AgentB' Name Directory." 
ClK(!ULAR MAlLINJi AGENCY, Box 134, TottSr 



CAlADIil POnCUPIlTE. 

it is only in a few States that this Porcupine 
is now found. The quills are quite a curiosity 
to most every one. I will send 1 doz. by mail 
for lo cents, or 50 for 25 cents. Send stamps 
or silver. J. A. POWELL, Waukegan, 111. 



Wanted, Cheap for Cash. 

Parties having large or small collection of 

First-Class Birds' Eggs, and Skins, 

and wishing to dispose of them cheap for cash, will 
do well, bj-^ sending me their lowest prices. 
Address, Prof. J. F. JONES. Maiden, Mass. 



THE 

Collector's Scisnce M 



To appear on March 1st, 1886, and will be sent reg- 
ularly on the first of each month theteafter. It is to 
he a large illustrated magazine, devoted to Oology, 
Geololy, Philately, Kmuismatics, etc. Price, for a 
short time, 75 cents per year. Advertising rates 60 
cents per inch, ^7.50 per page. Productions from 
scientltic writers solicited. Exchanges free to sub- 
scribers. Subscribe at once. No premiums will he 
given. Address 

0. S. M. Publishing Co., 

Battle Creek, Mich. 



RNll HOlOGISTS 



will find that the test way to preserve and mount 
birds is by the 

Ne\v Process of Embtilming. 

No slcinning required; birds may be satisfactorily 
mounted in the time it takes to make a skin. 

Price $2.50 

In some ca^es I can accept the amouut in books, 
cabinet specimens, etc., in exchanoe. 

For .'T^l.OJ will send a fine mou ted bird as sample 
of work. 

B. L. BROWN, Taxidermist, 
DURAND, WISCONSIN. 



ret 100 Data hlan^ 
lists 2 cents. 



ready for 1SS6. 

an Kgu- Hrili. 10 ce^ ts. 

an Emliryo Hook, 10 cents. 

s, 15 cents. 



EgL's, Kggs, cheap, 



1). H. KATON, Woburn, Mass. 



town, Pa. 



Wholesale Lots of Egprs ^A^ anted 

in exchange for stamps. 24 page catalogue of coins, 
etc., 10 cents Egg list 2 cents." 

W. F. CillKAMY, 827 Brannnn Street, 

Fan Francisco, Cal. 



50 

shells at cost 



INHNEKALS (1x1 in.) $1.01; 10 

10 cents. Eggs and 

Al N. Fui.LKK, Lawrence, Kansas. 



NAMED 

suiallcr specimens, 



tiiE StiNNY SOUTH OoLOGlST. 



11 



-|— ^.^ . T-r^a-MS-t.-' 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 

In answcrinp; ftdvertisements please mention this 
papet. 

GEORGE F. GUELF, 

BROCKPORT, N. Y., 

DEALER m 




WiwAi 



Minerals, Curiosities, 

OOLOGISTS' SUPPLIES, BOOKS, Eto. 



d^^Seud a one cent ^tamp for ottr ne^ l£f yage 
yrice list* 



3sro"V^ i^E-A.r>"5r. 



NewEggCheckList. 

REVISED AND ENLARGED. 

SOO Pages and Seven Full Page Engravings 
by Theo. Jasper. 

Indispensable to every egg collector, yonng or 
old. Sent post-paid for .$ 1.00. 

SPECIAL— Partis ordering this niontli will re- 
ceive for six months an illustrated 24 pfage jottr- 
nal, devoted to Ornithology and Oology, The 
Hoosier J^atUralist. Agents wanted for'both. 

39 college Avenue, 

VALPARAISO, IND. 



IiiiDii B Ws' Ems 



I have jttst received a lot 

FROM CALIFORNIA, 

Which I will send post-paid to any 
address for 

25 CENTS EACH. 



Address 



E. C. DAVIS, 



T. O. Box 405. 



Gainesvile, Texas .^ 



NATURALISTS' SUPPLY DEPOT. 

Sole agent in the United States for 

THOMAS HURST'S ARmCALULASS Em. 



CURIOSITY COLLECTORS LOOK! 



Jack Rabbit Ears. 

VERY LARGi: AND FINE! 
Measuring 14 inches from Tip to Tip t 



Tile largest stock in New England. 



PUBLISHJCR OF 



The Ornithologist and Oologist, 

Established 1875. A sixteen page magazine 
devoted to the interests of the every day col- 
lector. Send for my illustrated catalbgiie. 

PRANK B. ^WEBSTER, 
409 WasbingtoD 8t., Boston, Mass, 11. 8. A. 



Something everj Curiosity Collector 
should have. 

Send me 30 cents, and I will send you 
a pair by mail post-paid. 

Box 405. Gainesville, Texas. 

U. S. Department Stamps- 

COMPLETE SETS. 

War, unused $ .90 

Interior, unused .... .90 
Agricultural, untised 2.80 
State, unused; 4.00 

Retail price list for collectors, and wholesale 
list of U. S. and Foreign Stamps sent to dealers 
upon application. 

C. F. ROTHFUCHS, 

P. O. Box 221, Washington,©. C- 



CHEAP SETS. 

7 varieties State. .§1.00 
7 " Navy.. .7ff 

7 " Treas'y .15 

8 " War... .10 



12 THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGlST. 

Important Announceinent ! 



EVERY PERSON SENDING $1.00 (publisher's price), WILL RECEIVE 

FREE FOR SIX MONTHS the 

TI^IE SXJlSrJSr-y SOXTTPI 003L.0C3-IST 

AND THE NEW EDITION OP 

DAVIE'S EGG CHECK LIST 

AND KEY TO THE 

Nest and Eggs of North American Birds 



• ♦ • 



SECOND EDITION, REVISED AND ENLARGED ! 



ILLUSTRATED WITH SEVEN PULL PAGE ENGRAVINGS, 

BY — 



This work has become indispensable to all students of Oology ; assisting them 
in identifying Nests and Eggs while in the fields, and has taken the place of those 
expensive works, usually beyond the reach of many collectors. The New Edition 
contains 

FULL AND ACCURATE DESCRIPTIONS 

of all the Nests and Eggs of the Land and "Water Birds of North America known 
to date, together with the breeding range and habitat of the species and ornitholo- 
gical synonyms. It contains in the neighborhood of 200 pages, and is bound in 
heavy antique, tinted paper. 

Address all orders to 

E. C. DAVIS, Southern Agent, 

Box 405. GAINESVILLE, TEXAS. 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



Vol, I, h. I 



Gainesville, Texas, April, 1886. 



Published Monthly, 
50 Cents per Tear. 



Notes from Southern California. 



We have been having a bountiful 
share of rain in this neighborhood of 
late; and while we have been having 
warm drenching rains in the low 
lands, there has been a steady fall of 
snow in the mountains. As a re 
suit of the latter fact large numbers 
of Cedarbirds, Robins, Catbirds, etc., 
have left their usual haunts (the moun- 
tains), and taken refuge in our warm 
orange groves and vineyards. And 
now a person cannot walk a mile 
through the suburbs of the town, with- 
out noticing several large fiocks of 
these birds feeding contentedl}' by the 
roadside, or Indus 'riousl}^ probin> 
among decayed limbs, or under dead 
leaves for bugs and larv«, upon which 
they delight to feed. These birds how- 
ever do not breed in this localit}^ but as 
soon as the warm weather sets in, the}'' 
betake themselves to the remote val- 
le3^s and fastnesses, situated among 
the almost inaccessible ranges of the 
Sierra Madre. Here all are protected 
from the ravages of that "fell egg- 
destroyer," the school-bo}'. The}' 
breed and rear their 3'oung in peace, 
and we see no more of them until the 
next "cold spell'" sets in and causes 
them to again visit us, or properly 
speaking, "our warm climate," until 
the clemency of the weather will again 
permit them to return to their accus- 
tomed haunts. Further north how 
ever these birds can be found among 
the woods and forests the whole year 
'round. 

At this season of the 3'ear we are 
not alone favored with visits of the 
land birds, but the aquatic element is 
ver}' abundantly and variousl}' repre- 
sented among our ponds and streams; 
in fact, out of a bag of twenty or thirt}' 
ducks, which a hunter may be so for- 
tunate as to secure as a reward for a 



days' sport, he can generally single 
out from twelve to fifteen different 
species, from the majestic old M allard 
or "Greenhead," to the diminutive 
Butterball or "Silkduck." Quite a 
number of these ducks remain with 
us during the breeding season ; in fact 
I have personally obtained "sets" of 
eggs of the Cinnamon Teal, Baldpate, 
Mallard, Ruddy Duck, Godwall, Red- 
head, Pintail and Greenwinged Teal; 
besides I have heard several authentic 
accounts of "sets'' of some other spe- 
cies of ducks being secured b}^ other 
Oologists in different portions of this 
county. The principal or most prof- 
itable grounds on which to success- 
fully^ search for nests of various spe- 
cies of ducks and other waterfowl is 
amongst the immense ''tu]e lands" and 
sloughs of a marsh called "Gospel 
Swamp." This is a place about sixtj^ 
miles from Los zxngeles, and occup}^- 
ing many square miles of countiy, in- 
cluding the bogs, willow swamps, tide- 
lands, etc. It is a veritable paradise 
for ducks of all species; and during 
the sporting season I have spent some 
very pleasant and well repaid time, by 
trudging around its extremities, armed 
with a good ten -bore "breech-loader," 
with an evil intent uj on the unsus- 
pecting ducks and geese. Not with- 
standing the thousands and thousands 
of birds annuall}' slaughtered in these 
swamps b}' the professional "pot" or 
market hunters, as well as the havoc 
wrought by amateur sportsmen, still 
the number of the birds never decrease 
to a perceptible extent; but, like 
the "Hydra," where you kill one to- 
da}', you will find two to-morrow. 
Along towards spring the birds begin 
to assemble together in vast flocks of 
countless thousands, and depart for 
unknown latitudes in the "far north." 
Their time of departure seems to be 
invariably during the night; in fact 



14 



THK SUNNY fcOUTH OOLOGIST. 



I have often noticed large numbers of 
ducks assembling at the same given 
lake or pond. This congregating 
would perhaps occup}' a lapse of sev- 
eral days, the numbers apparentl}^ aug- 
mented b}' large additions each suc- 
ceeding night. A t length, after a vast 
number has congregated, 3'ou will 
notice a great deal of excitement 
among the large flocks; a seeming dis 
satisfaction and restlessness, evinced 
by loud calls and continual fluttering, 
splashing, etc. After all these signs 
of busy life, if you visit the lake the 
next morning you will probabl}^ find 
it lonely and deserted, without a ves 
tige of yesterda3^'s tumult and life, 
save a few lonely, sick looking Teals. 
who were too weak or tired perhaps to 
join the flight of their fellows the pre- 
ceding night. But they may wait for 
the next flight which at once begins 
to form, with new additions each suc- 
ceeding night, and in a few days we 
have an exact repetition of the assem 
blage and flight of a few days previ- 
ous. The assembling of these birds 
is usuallv at some larsje lake conven- 
lent for their purpose, and the addi- 
tions in the shape of small straggling- 
flocks, are very probably detachments 
of ducks which have left the small 
ponds and streams, where the}^ have 
passed the winter in detached flocks, 
and as if b}^ some previousl}^ concerted 
plan assemble here so as to take their 
depai ture en masse for the possible 
view of both compan}'- and protection. 

A. M. Shields, 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



North American Birds. 



I will hereafter give in this column 
each month, as near as possible, the 
breeding places, and the time of nest- 
ing of the Birds of North America; 
beginning this month with the family 
Turdidae. 

1. Wood Thrush — Hylocichla 
Mustelina — Nests usually found in 
low, damp woods. Dates of nesting, 
from May 10th to June 15tli. 



Begins nesting about 



2. Wilson's Thrush — Hylocichla 
fuscesceus — The situation of the nest 
is retired, and often in the depths of 
woods. Begins nesting about 31 ay 
20th. 

3. Gray-cheeked Thrush — Hy- 
locichla aliciae — Low, damp woods 
and thickets. 
May 1st. 

4. BussET-BACKED Thrush — Hy- 
locichla ustulata— Pacific coast reo-ions 
abundant. Begins nesting about Mav 
15th. 

4a. Oltve-backkd Thrush — Hy- 
locichla ustulata swainsoni — J)rj, 
scrubby woods Begins nesting about 
June 1st. 

5. Dwarf Thrush — Hylocichla 
unalascae — Thick woods and swamps. 
Begins nesting early in Ma}'. 

5b. Hermit THRU^H — Hylocichla 
unalascae pallasi — Low, swampy pla- 
ces Begins nesting June 1st. 

7. American Robin — Merula ^li- 
gratoria— Nests made near habitations. 
Nests from May 1st to July 25th. 

7a. Western Robin — Merula Mi- 
gratoria propinqua — Nesting habits 
similar to that of No. 7. 

9. VAaiED Robin— Hesperocichla 
naevia — Inhabits all woodland. Be- 
gins nesting about May 10th. 

10. Sage Thrasher— Oreoscoptes 
montanus — Inhabits open, mountain- 
ous countries. Begins nesting Maj- 
1 5th. 

11. Mocking Bird — Mimus pol}-- 
glottus — Nests placed in open country, 
orchards, vineyards, etc. Always 
near man. Begins nesting April 20th. 

12. Catbird — Galeoscoptes caro- 
linensis — In gardens or clearings of 
woods, always near habitations. Nests 
May 15th to July 1st. 

13. Brown Thrasher — Harpor- 
hynchus rufus — In blackberry tangle 
or thickets, high or low land. May 
10th to June 20th. 

13a. , Mexican Brown Thrasher 
— Harporhynchus rufus longirostris — 



TllK SUNNY SOtTll OO LOU 1ST. 



1') 



Nesting places similar to foregoing 
species^ Nests April 15th to June 
15th. 

14. Saint Lucas Thrasher — 
Harporhyncluis cinereus xantus — 
Uplands' and high plains, in cactus 
and other bushes. Begins nesting 
about Ma}' 1 st. 

14a. Bendire's Thrasher — Har- 
porh3'nchus cinereus bendirei — Up- 
lands and high plains. Begins nest- 
ing April 1st. 

15. Curve-billed Thrashkr — 
Harporhynchuscurvirostris — Inhabits 
thick woods. Nest from May 1st to 
June 15th. 

15a. Palmer's Thrasher — Har- 
porh3'nchus curvirostris palmeri — 
Desert regions of Arizona. Begins 
neslino' about the 10th of May 

16. CxVLifqrnia Thrasher — Har 
porhynchus redivivus — Coast region 
of California, in a clump of bushes, or 
dense chaparral. Begins nesting early 
in February 

16a. Leconte's Thrasher — Har 
porhynchus redivivus lecontei — Fre- 
quents open countries. Begins nest- 
ing early in April. 

17. RUFUS-VENTED ThRASHER 

Harporhynchus crissalis — Common in 
chapparral thickets, and well shaded 
undergrowths. Begins nesting early 
in April. 

{Continued.^ 



Egg Collecting in Colorado. 



On a pleasant morning in the early 
part of May last, (May 2, 1885) our 
collector put his gun, collecting-box, 
etc., into the buckboard, and started 
for a point 16 miles below Greely, on 
the Platte. The destination was a 
long island midwaj^ in the Platte while 
on either side was the rushing, dirty 
river, 'iliis island was noted among 
the boys of the neighborhood as a 
great resort for crows, owls, herons 
and other large birds during the breed 
jHg season: but, owing to the river be- 



ing high in the spring of the year few 
have ever cared to reach the island for 
such "trifles as bird's-eogs." 'Twas 
too early for herons' eggs, too late for 
owl's, but just the time for crows. 
The latter we were after, and crows' 
eggs we determined to have. The 
sio'ht of a few nests in the trees on the 
island, and several crows flapping 
about, worked our desires to the high- 
est pitch. Stripping and holding all 
necessary articles to take crow's eggs 
with in one hand, we partly waded and 
swam across the wild and dirty stream 
to the crow-den shores. In a short 
space of time I took 11 sets of 6 eggs, 
and 3 of 5 each from nests from 12 to 
20 feet from the ground, all eggs were 
perfectly fresh. Once I thought I 
had a set of Raven's eggs (280), as 
they were larger than the average 
crow's, and m}^ aid shot a female raven 
as she left the nest. It must have 
been a mistake however on Aer part 
and I have since given up the idea. 

I flushed an American Long-Eared 
owl (395) off of an old crow's nest 
about 8 feet from the ground, and ob- 
tained a handsome set of 6 eggs. It 
was so late in the season for owl's 
eggs that I was afraid they would 
hatch out before I could get them to 
the ground. On blowing them I was 
much surprised to find them all per- 
fectly^ fresh. Has an}' one ever taken 
a fresh set of 395 as late as this? 

Also took one set of B. B. magpies 
(286) 5 eggs, incubation well advanced; 
nest 6 feet from the ground. We saw 
several herons busity fixing up their 
old nests in the high tops of a large 
Cottonwood, but we never get fresh 
heron's eggs until the last of Ma3\ 

Fred M. Dille, 
Greele3\ Colorado. 



* ♦ » 



Nesting of Brown-headed Nut- 
hatch. 



(SITTA PUSSILLA) 

All the accounts I have seen in 
books say the brown-headed nuthatch 
builds no nest, but lays her eggs in 



16 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



the bottom of a hollow in the tree on 
the decayed wood. Now, I have never 
found one that did not make an at- 
tempt to build a nest. I have found 
several, ranging from two to forty feet 
from the ground, and in ever}^ case a 
nest was built, composed of fibrous 
roots, pieces of hanging moss, hair and 
feathers mixed together. The nests 
were built in a hollow^ in a decayed 
tree, from one foot to three feet deep. 
The nest is ver}^ loosely put together, 
and it is impossible to remove it with- 
out cutting the cavity open to the bot- 
tom of the nest. A gentleman in 
California, who is well versed in Or- 
nithology and Oology, who I wrote to 
in regard to it, says his knowledg*^ and 
experience has been in almost every 
case, that a nest is attempted by this 
bird — the description of a nest taken 
b}^ him in Orange county, Fla., some 
years ago is — the nest was composed 
of pieces of fibrous, decaj^ed wood, 
small scales of pine bark, wings of 
pine seeds, and a little woolly vegeta- 
ble material arranged in cup form. 

G. Noble, 
Savannah, Georgia. 



A Bird's Sagacity. 



For the Sunny South Oologist : 

The folio winof little narrative oe- 
curred at my old home in Kentuck}^ 
some years ago : I had placed over 
the roof of my house a bird box, and 
for several years the martins had oc- 
cupied it, and I think the same pair 
came back every year, for the male 
appeared larger and had a coarser 
voice (?) than any others I had ever 
heard. 

This spring of which I speak, the 
blue birds had taken possession of the 
box, and one morning while out for a 
little fresh air T heard the welcomed 
voice of the martin in the distance. 
I turned to see from where the voice 
came, and saw the old friend coming 
alone. He came directlv to the bird 
box, and appeared very much sur- 
prised to find it occupied, so at once 



began an attack upon the inmates, but 
the little birds were too much for the 
old martin, and he had to give up to 
them. (But this was only for a short 
time.) So he flew to a neighboring 
roof, and sat there for a time as if 
meditating what to do, and then flew 
in a direct line toward the south from 
whence he had come. The little blue 
birds seemed to congratulate them- 
selves upon their victory, but they 
were too soon, for the next morning 
at about the same time, I heard the 
voice which seemed to say ''pitch in, 
pitch in," and I knew he was coming. 
Upon looking I saw him in the lead 
with about a dozen other martins fol- 
lowing. I waited to see his purpose, 
and was not long in finding it out, for 
he flew direct to the bird box, and 
perching himself on the top gave the 
orders, "Pitch in ! pitch in !" and they 
did pitch in from both sides. 



* 



^ 



•Sf- 



* 



It is needless to say how it termi- 
nated, for the old martin and his mate 
raised a brood that year, and came 
year after year until I came west. 

L. L. Howard, 
Gainesville, Texas. 



A Georgia paper says that before 
the war there was a bird in the south 
that fed exclusively on cockle-burrs. 
At a certain season of the year these 
birds would sweep down on the fields 
and when they departed not a burr 
remained. The smell of burnt and 
burning powder for foui* years seems 
to have been too much for the burr- 
eaters. Since then not a bird of the 
kind is to be found in the south ; but 
the burrs are here yet. 



Early Finds. 



I think I will enter the lists in 
competition for "earliness." I opened 
the ball on Januar}- 30th, 1886, b\' 
taking a set of three of the Great 
Horned Owl, incubation advanced. 
Who can beat it? 

The followinof are the earliest takes 



TEIE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



17 



of each species named dnrins^ 1885. 
March 27tli, Pileated Woodpecker, 
Cardinal Grosbeak; April 2nd, Tur- 
key-Buzzard, Bhick Vulture, Tufted 
Titmouse; April 7th, Carolina Chick- 
adee, Kildeer; April 10th, Swallow- 
tailed Kite; April 11 tb, Texan Screech 
Owl, Carolina Dove; April 15th, Red- 
bellied Woodpecker; April 17th, Yel- 
low-throated Vireo; April 20th, Com- 
mon Crow, Wild Turkey; April 27tli, 
Mockinobird; April 28th, Carolina 
Wren; May 4th, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, 
Dwarf Cowbird; May 8th, Lark Finch, 
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, Texas Or- 
chard Oriole, Yellows-winged Spar- 
row; May 9ih, Black-throa<",ed Bunt- 
ing, Painted Bunting, Summer Red- 
bird; May 11th, Texan Quail, Blue 
Grosbeak; Mny 18th, Meadow Lark; 
May 22nd, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher; 
June 3d, Bronzed Grackle; June 8th, 
Boat-tailed Grackle; June 19th, King- 
bird, the second set tiiat I have taken 
in Texas durino- six years' collecting. 

J. A. SiNGLEY, 

Giddino's, Texas. 



The Scissor-tailed Flycatcher. 



(milvulus forficatus (Gm.) swains.) 

This beautiful bird is one of the 
commonest summer residents of North 
Texas. They usuall}^ arrive from the 
south about the 15th of April in small 
tiocks or pairs, and alwaj's make them- 
selves known b}' their loud and noise- 
some voices. This bird has a very 
peculiar way when flying, of stopping 
— as it appears — in the air, and then 
making a straight shoot upward to the 
height of fifteen or twent}' feet, and 
instantl}' darting downward to about 
a level with where it started. This is 
alw^aj'S repeated two or three times 
before taking their onward flight. 
While making this tumble as it w^ere, 
it alwaj's gives loud, quick screams, 
and is very conspicuous b}' the dis- 
play it makes in opening and closing 
the tail like scissor blades. It is a 
very active, dashing and noisy bird; 



also very showy and graceful. The 
general color is a hoar3^-ash, almost 
white below, with a scarlet crown 
patch, and a bright scarlet on the sides 
at insertion of wings. The wings have 
a blackish cast with whitish under- 
parts, and various parts of the body 
are tinged with a rich salmon. Most 
of the tail feathers are black or dusky, 
while some- of the longer ones are 
mostl}^ white oi rosy; these feathers 
are long and narrow, sometimes reach- 
ing a foot in length. The above de- 
scription is that of a male now lying 
before me. The female averages 
smaller, and the tail is much shorter, 
while the color of the plumage is duller 
than that of the male. 

They begin to nest about the ] 0th 
of May, and fresh eggs may be found 
as late as June 25th. The nest and 
eggs resemble those of the kingbird 
very much, and it is almost impossi- 
ble to distinguish them from each 
other, unless they are well identified; 
but, as a general thing, the scissor- 
tails' eggs have larger and more con- 
spicuous blotches than those of the 
kingbird. During the summer of '85 
I found nests of the kingbird and 
scissor tail in the same tree, and the 
nests and eggs were identicall}^ the 
same ; so to naake sure of the identv, 
I had to wait until both birds had oc- 
cupied their own nest. 

Their favorite nesting places are in 
the scrubby postoak and mesquite 
bushes growing on our broad praries . 
The nests are usuall}' placed in forks 
at from six to thirtv feet from the 
ground, and constructed of various 
materials, such as weed-tops, wool, 
cotton, rootlets, paper, rags, etc., and 
lined with fibrous roots, wool, cotton, 
etc 

The number of eggs laid are usually 
four or five in number, of a rounded- 
oval shape, the color being white, 
boldl}^ blotched or marked with red- 
dish-brown, and obscure lavender 
shell markings, chiefly at the lai-ger 
end. The size of the eo-gs averages 
about .67 by .85. E. C. Davis. 



18 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



/ 



TPIE 

A MONTHLY DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF 
ORNITHOLOGISTS AND OOLOGISTS. 

Edited and Published bt 

GAINESVILLE, TEXAS, 

We request all of our readers to pencl us 'ie- 
scriptions of their collecting trips, or any ifems 
of interest relating to birds, their uests or eggs. 

TERMS OF SUBSCKIPTIOX 

Single subscription nO cents per year. 

Foreign countries (w •• -' ' " 

Single copies 5 cents each. 

^No stamps taken for subscriptions.) 

ADVERTISING RATES. 

Single insertions ]0 cents per line. 

I nio. 2 mo. 3 mo. 

5 lines if .40 .$ M $1.00 

1 inch 75 1.35 2.00 

3^ column 2.00 3..50 4. ,50 

1 column M.50 5.50 S 00 

1 page {) 00 10.00 13,00 

Yearly advertisements payable quarterly in 
advance. 

fi®~All advertisements must be in by the 23rd 
of e;ich mouth, to insure insertion in the next 
issiie 

THE GAINESVILLE NATIONAL BANK, and 
FIRST NAT'L BANI\, of Gainesville 

Entered at the post-office at Gainesville as 
second-class matter 

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT. 

With this month's issue I make mv 
first bow to the Ornithologists and 
Oologists of America. I refrained 
from so doing in the first issue as I 
did not know at the time how m}^ little 
journal would be received. But, as I 
have had so many encouraging words 
from my friends in ever}' part of North 
America, I will now promise hence- 
forth to give 3^ou the most reliable and 
best reading matter obtainable, and 
shall try my utmost to make this mag- 
azine a great help in the advancement 
of that most delightful branch of nat- 
ural history — Ornithology and Oolog3\ 
Trusting that my friends will be as 
well pleased with this and the follow- 



ing numbers, as with the first, I re- 
main, Yours very sincerely, 

Edwin C. Davis. 



Easter comes this month, so don't 
fail to look for the ''rabbit" nests. 



Don't fail to read the great offers to 
"club-getters" on the inside page of 
first cover leaf 



Our '^Exchange and Want" column 
is worth the price of a year's subscrip- 
tion alone to subscribers, in helping 
them make exchanges. 



We will stick to our first promise ; 
that is, we will enlarge our paper as 
soon as we are convinced it will pa}- 
us. So do not delay, but subscribe a", 
once. The price is onl}- 50 cents per 
3'eju'. 



What do you think of the appear- 
ance (-f ''our" little journal this month? 
Don't you think you have bes'ii fully 
repaid already for the sm-dl amount 
invested — fif^y cents — f.r a 3'ear's 
subscription ? 



Collectors look for the nests of the 
crow, chickadee, nuthatch and hawk 
this month. You will find the chick- 
adee's and nuthatche's the latter part 
of the month, while the hawks and 
crows breed earlier. 



Two Canvas-back ducks were killed 
near Gainesville, Tex. on the 2i^nd of 
February, 'rhey were veiy handsome 
specimens, and a rare avis in this sec- 
tion. They were the first I think ever 
seen in this count}^ 

The article written by INIr. Hany 
G. Parker, entitled "Pennsylvania 
Birds," is one of great value to Oolo- 
gisis (old and young) in Pennsylv.ini:i 
and adjacent states, as it give>^ the 
correct nesting seasons of birds found 
in tliat locality, and also tells the na- 
ture of c luntry in which their nes's 
are found. This article was compiled 
for the editor as a special f;iVor, by 
]Mr. Parker in Ociober Inst. 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



19 



We are more than pleased with the 
number of subscribers received since 
our last issue, and in return for 3'our 
promptness shall promise to give a 
year's subscriptions worth of valuable 
information in each succeedino- issue. 



What has become of the "Standard 
Director}-'' to be published b}' A. E. 
Southworth & Co , of Woodstock. Ill's., 
and to appear Tanua y ir>th. 1886 .^ 
We have heard several complaints of 
its uon-appearnnce. Echo answers. 



Go ! Get thee to work ! ! You 
have onl}- one more month to compete 
for premiums (offered (on the inside of 
front cover page) to club-getters. So 
go to w. rk at once, and perh;ips you 
will be the one to carry off the -^pie." 
Don't wait one moment, but '-make 
hay while the sun shines." 

We had a very pleasant call from 
Dr. F. L. Yoakum, of Tyler, Fexas, 
one of the lead; no- scientists of the 
state. His stay was short, but ex- 
ceedingly interesting. When visiting 
our cit}' again we shall b.^ pleased lo 
have him call, as he will be doubl}^ 
welcomed. 



If all goes satisfactory this month, 
I will enlarge with the May number ; 
also enlarge the subscription price. 
So do not wait, but subscribe at once, 
and vou will save monev. 



EXCHANGES AND WANTS. 



Kind W^ords. 



Brief ex<-hanp;e or -\vaiit notices, not exceeding 
thirty word>:, will be inserted free in this column 
to subscribers only. Notices over thirty words 
will be chai'ged at the rate of one-half centner 
\v< rd To outsider-i. 25 cents for each insertion ; 
cash with order. 



I wish to exchanoe the comino; sea- 
son with good collectors, especially 
on the coast and in the souih. My 
sets of eggs will be rare and first- 
class. Exchange limited, ^so pos- 
tals answered. 

Fred M. Dille, 
Greelev. Colorado. 



Yesterday's mail brought me what 
I have been anxiously looking for — 
The Sunny South Oologist. It is 
very neat, and I do hope you will get 
enou2:h subscribers to continue and 



enlarge. 



Greely, Col. 



Fred. M. Dille. 



Your magazine is at hand, and I 
just have time to saj^ that I am ex- 
ceedingly well pleased with the arti- 
cles in your periodical; the}' are far 
above the average. 

Oliver Davie, 
Columbus, Ohio. 



I h;!ve read its pages, and am 
pleased with your large circle of Ool- 
ogical correspondents and your un- 
doubted abilit}' as an editor. It should 
prove of sufficient value to the col- 
leciors of the country to make it take 
its proper place in the literature of the 
subject ; not onh^ because of your 
generous and gentlemanh' treatment 
of me in the past at all times, but be- 
cause I believe The Sunny South 
Oologist to have a live and intelli- 
gent Oologist at its head. 



Chester, Pa. 



Harry G. Parker, 



"The Sunny South Oologist," is 
the title of a scientific publication is- 
sued by our 3'oimg townsman, E. C. 
Davis ; No. 1 of A-^olume 1 of which is 
on our table. It is a credit to the 
young gentleman, and to our cit}'. 
We wish the enterprise success. — 
Gainesville Daih' Hesperian. 



The first number of The Scnny 
South Oologist is at hand, and I am 
more than pleased with it and its con- 
tents. Y. E. Piston, 
Rockland, Me. 



20 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



Anyone desiring questions answered relating 
to Birds, their Nests and Eggs, will favor us by 
sending them in, and we will answer them 
through this column to the best of our ability. 

On the 28th of xMareh, 1885, 1 found 
a nest of the Red-shouldered Hawk, 
containing two eggs, which I took. 
Returning seven days later, and see- 
ing the bird flj from the nest, I con- 
cluded to take another look at it, and 
was very much surprised to find two 
more eggs, although the shells were 
much lighter marked than those taken 
previously, which went to prove they 
were deposited by the same bird. 

J. H. B., Oswego, Kansas. 

Last summer, while out collecting, 
I found a three -storied nest of the 
Summer Yellow bird. Each story 
contained one egg of the Cow bird, 
and two of the Warblers. I also 
found a double nest of the Bronzed 
Grrackle containing nine eggs; four in 
the lower part, and five in the upper. 
The total number of eggs from both 
nests were eighteen. Don't j^ou think 
this a pretty good haul from two 
nests ? W. A. W. 

Quincy, Ill's. 

I like the appearance of your paper 
very much, and trust it will be a 
financial success. 

D. H. Eaton, 

Woburn, Mass. 

It is said that alligators' eggs are 
esteemed by the natives of the regions 
where those reptiles abound. Mr. 
Joseph, in his "History of Trinidad," 
says that he found the eggs of the 
cayman very good. The female alli- 
gator lays from 120 to 160 eggs. 
They are about as large as the eggs 
of a turkey, and have a rough shell 
filled with a thick albumen. 



Blue-fronted Jay. 



(CYANOCITTA STELLERI FRONTALIS.) 



There is an eagles nest on the stump 
of an old tree in the middle of Caddo 
lake, near Jeflferson, Texas, and a pair 
of eagles have occupied this as their 
home for more than twenty vears. 



One would, with a general knowl- 
edge of the nesting habits of the Jays, 
look for their nests in trees and bush- 
es ; but with the recent observations 
on the habits of this bird, by N. S. 
Goss, in the Auk, April, 1885, we 
have additional light thrown upon the 
subject. He found quite a number of 
nests of the Blue-fronted Jay in the 
vicinity of Julian, California, in the 
spring of 1884, and "in all cases but 
one, in holes and trough-like cavities 
in trees and stubs, ranging from four 
to fifty feet from the ground, gener- 
ally ten to twenty feet. The nest 
found outside was built upon a large 
horizontal limb of an oak close beside 
a gnarl, the sprout-like limbs of which 
thickly covered the nest overhead, and 
almost hid it from view below." They 
were quite bulky, loosely made of 
sticks, stems of weeds, and lined with 
fibrous rootlets and grasses ; and, as 
they were all built at' or near the 
opening, the tell-tale sticks projected 
and made the finding of the nests 
not difficult. Mr. Goss gives the 
color of the eggs n s light blue, speckled 
and spotted with dark brown, rather 
thickest at large end, and the meas- 
urements of two sets, as follows : One 
taken May 19, 1.20 by .87, 1 .20 bv .88. 
1.21 by 88 ; May 21, 1.22 by .88, 1.15 
by .86, 1.19 by .86, 1.16 by .85. 

Mr. W. 0. Emerson informs me that 
he finds the nests in the vicinit}^ of 
Haywards, Cal., placed in oaks, red- 
wood and other tall trees. 

The above interesting article is an 
extract from Davies Neqjo Key to the 
Nests and Eggs of North American 
Birds, taken from specimen leaves sent 
me, and of which is a fair sample of 
descriptions of the nests and eggs of 
each bird contained in that book. — 
Editor. 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



21 



Birds of Pennsylvania. 



The following data is taken from 
notes made during a series of 3'ears, 
all witliin this state, and all from per- 
sonal observation. 
("C" means common, "R" means rare.) 

1. Wood Thrush. (C). Breeds 
May 1st, to June 15th. Nests gener- 
all}' placed in thick woods, near clear- 



ings. 



2. Wilson's Thrush. (R). Breeds 
June 2nd. Nests placed in thickets, 
with southern exposure. 

7. American Robin. (C). Breeds 
May 1st to July 25th. Nests made 
near habitations, in trees, outhouses, 
anj' where almost. 

11. Mocking Bird. (R). Only 
one known instance in Delaware coun- 

ty. 

12. Catbird. (C). Breeds May 
15th to July 1st. Nests placed in 

gardens or clearings of woods, always 
near man. 

13. Brown Thrasher. (C). Breeds 
May 15th to June 20th. Nests found 
in blackberry tangle or thickets, high 
or lowland. 

22. Bluebird, (C). Breeds May 
1st to J ah' 20th. Nests found an}^- 
where, in bird boxes, natural holes in 
trees, etc. 

41. Black-capped Chickadee. (C). 
Breeds Ma}' 1 0th to 25th. Nests found 

in timber cleared districts, in stumps 
about 6 feet hiorh 

51. White-bellied Nuthatch. (R). 
Breeds April 15th to May 1st. Nests 
found in excavated holes, remote from 
habitation. 

60. Carolina Wren. (C). Breeds 
April 8th to May 10th, (two broods). 
Nests found about rocks, remote from 
habitation. 

63. House Wren. (C). Breeds 
May 15th to June 10th. Nests found 
in Orchards, or about farm houses. 

67. Long-billed Marsh Wren. (C). 



Breeds June 12th to 1 8th. Nest found 
in low, fresh meadows. 

93. Summer Yellowbird. (C). 
Breeds June 10th to 20th. Nests 
found near running water, in low, flat 
country. 

99. Chestnut-sided Warbler. (R). 
Breeds June 20th. Nests found in 
pastures, or small woods. 

115. Golden-crowned Thrush (C). 
Breeds June 10th to 25th. Nests 
found on the ground, in deep woods. 

123. Yellow-breasted Chat. (C). 
Breeds May 28th to June 1 0th. Nests 
found in upland thickets, southern ex- 
posure. 

128. American Redstart. (R). 
Breeds June 15th. Nests placed near 
roadsides. 

135. Red eyed Vireo. (C). Breeds 
June 10th to 20th. Nest found in 
woods of young trees, not over ten 
feet from the ground. 

139. Warbling Vireo. (C). Breeds 
June 10th to 20th. Nests placed in 
trees, generally 25 feet from the 
ground, or more. 

143. White-eyed Vireo. (R). 
Breeds June 10th to 20th. Nests 
placed in blackberry thickets, near the 
ground. 

151. Cedar Waxwing. (C). Breeds 
June 1 5th to 25th. Nests generall}- 
found in orchards. 

152. Pun le Martin. (C). Breeds 
June 2nd. Nests placed in bird box- 
es. 

153. Cliff Swallow. (C). Breeds 
June 1st to 5th. Nests placed in 
barns and under eaves. 

154. Barn Swallow. (C). Breeds 
June 1st to l5th Nests placed in 
barns. 

155. White-bellied Swallow. (R). 
Breeds June 1st to 15th. Nests 
placed in bird boxes. 

157. Bank Swallow. (C). Breeds 
May 22 to June 1st. Nest placed in 



99 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST. 



sand banks, etc., at the end of a bur- 
row. 

161. Scarlet Tanager. (C). Breeds 
June 10th. Nest found in de<5p 
woods 

E. S. English Sparrow. (C) Too 
well known to detail. 

181. American Goldfinch. (C). 
Breeds from Jul}^ 15th to Aug. 20th. 
Nests found by a roadside, or in orch- 
ards. 

197. Grass Finch. (C). Breeds 
June 10th. Nests placed in pastures 
or meadow. 

198. Yellow-winged Sparrow. (R). 
Breeds June 25th. Nests placed in 
meadows or pasture. 

211. Chipping Sparrow. (C). 
Breeds May 8th to June 30th. Nests 
near houses or in parks. 

214. Field Sparrow. (C). Breeds 
Msiy 1st to June 10th. Nests placed 
on or near the ground, in high country 
generally. 

231. Song Sparrow. (C). Breeds 
May 1st to June 30th. (three broods). 
Nests found anywhere. 

233. Swamp Sparrow. (R). Breeds 
July 4th. Nests placed in swampy 
meadows. 

237. Chewink; Towhee. (C). 

Breeds June 1st to 15th. Nests 

placed on the ground in open wood- 
land. 

242. Cardinal Grosbeak. (C). 
Breeds April 20th to May 30th. Nests 
found in wooded tangle and briars. 

244. Bose-breasted Grosbeak. (R). 
Breeds June 10th. Nests found in 
borders of woods. 

248. Indigo Bunting. (C). Breeds 
June 2nd. Nests placed in blackberry 
tangle in open fields. 

257. Bobolink. (R). Seldom found 
breeding in southern Pennsylvania. 

258. Cowbird. [CJ. Breeds from 
April to August. Eggs placed in 
nests of Pewees, Sparrows, Chats, Tan- 
agers, etc. 



261. Red and Black, Sh'd Black- 
bird. [C] . Breeds May 20th to June 
20th. Nests placed on the ground, or 
in low bushes in swampy places. 

263. Meadow Lark. [C]. Breeds 
May 20th to June 30th. Nests placed 
in dr}^ pastures and fields. 

270. Orchard Oriole. [C]. Breeds 
June 5th to 20th. Nests placed in 
orchards 

271. Baltimore Oriole. [C:]. 
Breeds June 5th to 20th. Nests found 
near houses generally . 

278. Purple Grackle. [C]. Breeds 
April 25th. Nesting in colonies, in 
cedar trees. 

282. Common Crow. [C]. Breeds 
April 15th to 30th. Nests placed in 
very hisfh trees in woods. 

289. Blue Jay. [R]. Breeds 
April 15th to 30th. Nests found in 
deep woods. 

304. Kingbird. [CJ. Breeds June 
1st to 20th. Nests placed in sj^ca- 
niore trees, or in orchards. 

312. Gt. Crested Flycatcher. [C;]. 
Breeds June 1st to 20th. Nests found 
in orchards, in natural cavities of trees. 

315. Pewee ; Phosbebird. [CJ. 
Breeds April 20th to June 10th. 
Nests placed under bridges or eaves 
of small spring houses etc. 

320. Wood Pewee. [C]. Breeds 
June 1st. Nests placed in woods or 
orchards. 

324. Acadian Flycatcher. [C]. 
Breeds June 5th to 20th. Nests 
found near running water or sloping 
ground. 

335. Ruby-throated Hummingbird. 
[R]. Breeds June 1st to 15th. Nests 
found near a spring of water in orch- 
ard or woods. 

351 Chimney Swift. [C]. Breeds 
July 1st to 15th. Nests placed in 
chimneys 

357. Night Hawk. [C]. Breeds 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOGIST, 



23 



Jane 1st to 20th. Nests placed on 
bare ground on an elevated plateau. 

361. Downy Woodpecker. [R]. 
Breeds in May. Nests placed in ex- 
cavated holes in woods. 

575. Redheaded Woodpecker. 
[C]. Breeds June 15th. Nests placed 
in solitary trees in fields. 

378. Yellow-shafted Flicker. [C]. 
Breeds may 15th to June 15th. Nests 
placed anywhere. 

382. Belted Kingfisher. [C]. 
Breeds May 10th to June 15tli. Nests 
placed in holes in banks along streams 
in low lands. 

387. Yellow-billed Cuckoo. [C]. 
Breeds June 5th to I2th. Nests 
placed in densest thickets of bramble 
and grapevine. 

388. Black-billed Cuckoo. [C]. 
Breeds same as preceding species. 

394. Am. Barn Owl. [R]. Breeds 
April 1st to 15th. Nests placed in 
dead trees, on low meadow lands. 

402. Little Screech Owl. [C] 
Breeds April 1st to 15th. Nests 
placed in beech trees, or apple trees. 

420. Sparrow Hawk. [C]. Breeds 
May 1st to June 1st. Ne:ts placed 
in holes of dead trees, anj^where. 

425. Fish Hawk. Common in 
New Jersey, but rare in Pennsylvania. 

431. Cooper's Hawk. [C J. Breeds 
April 10th to May 1st. Nests gener- 
ally placed in deep and solitary" woods, 
in large trees. 

432. Sharp-shinned Hawk. [R]. 
Same as 431. 

436. Red-tailed Hawk. [R], Same 
as 431. 

439. Red-shouldered Hawk. [R]. 
Same as 431. 

443. Broad-winged Hawk. [R]. 
Same as 431. 

460. Mourning Dove. [C] . Breeds 
May 1st to June 30th (2 broods). 
Nests found remote from man, in si- 
lent places. 

480. Bobwhite. [C]. Breeds May 



20th to June 30th. Nests on the 
ground in field or pasture. 

494. Green Heron. [C]. Breeds 
May 10th to June 10th. Nests placed 
in large trees, sometimes in orchards 
near swamps. 

516. Killdeer. [Cj. Breeds June 
1st to 15th. Eggs placed on ground 
(no nest), on a slope near water. 

557. Spotted Sandpiper. [C]. 
Breeds June 1st to 15th. No nest. 
Eggs placed on the ground, on a slope 
near water. 

The Rails breed plentifully on New 
Jersey coast, but sparsely in Pennsyl- 
vania. 

613. Summer Duck. [R]. Breeds 
Ma}^ to June 15th. Nest placed in 
hollow t,ee near water. 

In filling out the above data, T 
have omitted several species which 
occasionally breed here. 

Harry G . Parker. 

Chester, Delaware Co , Pa. 



Nesting of the Long-eared Owl. 



(asio americanus) 

For tlie Sutniy South Oologist : 

It was on the bright spring morning 
of April 25, 1885, that a friend and 
myself started for the big woods in 
search of hawks', crows', etc., eggs. 

We first went to a crow s nest we 
found building the Saturday before, 
and were most fortunate in securing 
3 fresh eggs . This was comparatively 
a good find, owing to the scarcity of 
that bird in this localit}' . 

We next made our way to a tam- 
merac swamp, and on the edge w^e 
went a litttle out of our wa}^ to look 
at an old crow's nest that we knew of, 
for mere curiosit}^ sake. In the cen- 
ter of the nest two prongs poked out 
and we thought they were two sticks 
sticking up ; but, to be sure, my friend 
kicked on the tree, and to m}^ great 
joy the two prongs moved. At this 



24 



THE SUNNY SOUTH OOLOQIST. 



my friend began to climb the tree, 
and when about half way up, a large 
yellowish-brown bird flew sluggishly 
off the nest, and I could see it was an 
owl, but what kind I was uncertain . 
When he reached the nest and shouted 
down there were 5 eggs in it, I was 
so excited that I went up and helped 
him down with them, although there 
was no need of it. They were of a 
clear white, and almost globular in 
form, and measured about 1.60 x 1.40 
inches. We imagined them to be all 
kinds of owls, and were very anxious 
to find out what they were . 

We hunted around now until noon 
and then sat down by a spring and 
ate our dinner, which we had brought 
with us. After a little "lounge" in 
the sun after our meal, we started out 
again, and by 3 o'clock p. m., 
had found nothing but last year's 
nests. About 3:30 we came to an- 
other tammerac swamp, and in the 
center there was an old marsh hawk's 
nest I was acquainted with, and we 
made for it, thinking there might be 
an owl's nest in it, and you m^iy im- 
agine m}'^ delight at seeing the same 
kind of horns sticking up in the cen- 
ter. This nest was only about 7 feet 
from the ground, and as soon as I 
kicked the tree the owl flew off and 
lit on a limb close b}^, and I identified 
her as being a long eared owl. I re- 
gretted that I did not have my gun 
with me, or I would have had her 
this day all mounted. I climbed the 
tree, and in the nest found four more 
eggs just like those in the first nest, 
and now our minds were lightened. 

As it was getting time to be going 
home, we started, and on arriving, 
blew our eggs and found them to be 
fresh ; and one of the sets now glow 
in the collection of the editor of this 
paper. 

I have found several sets besides 
this, and know of others being found 
around here, and they invariably oc- 
cupy other birds' nests. 

Geo. G. Cantwell, 
Minneapolis, Minn. 



The Road-runner ; Chaparral 

Cock. 

(geococcyx californtanus). 



For the Sunny South Oologist : 

This species (which may be de- 
scribed as a rather long tail with a 
small bird on the "for'ard" end of it) 
occurs rarely in this locality. Orni- 
thologists generally give the number 
of eggs in a set as "6 to 9." I had 
previously taken several sets, contain- 
ing from two to four eggs; and finding 
a nest with two eggs on May 8th, 1885, 
I concluded to give the bird a chance 
to fill out the set. The nest was 
placed in the bushy top of a small 
black-jack oak, about twelve feet from 
the ground. It was a bulky structure 
16 inches in diameter, 5 inches in 
depth, and nearly flat on the top — not 
more than an inch deep, built of large 
sticks, twigs, and weeds in the lining. 
I visited the nest on the 9th and 10th, 
and although the bird was "tu hum" 
every time, the set had not incrensed 
an}^ in number. Durng the 11th, 
12th and ]3th, three more eggs were 
added to the set, making five in all. 
I waited until the 19th, when, as no 
more eggs were laid, I took the nest, 
shooting thefemnle. On dissection I 
found that within the next two or 
three days two more eggs would have 
been added to the set. Incubation 
was about one-half advanced in two 
of the eggs. The question is, can I 
call this a full set ? The female when 
flushed from tlie nest would fly to the 
ground, and all to be seen of her after- 
wards was a streak. They are famous 
runners, and it takes a fast "pony" to 
overtake them. 

J. A. Sing LEY, 



Giddings, Texas. 



• ♦ • 



The Chinese pheasants turned 
loose in Oregon some time since have 
interbred with the native grouse, and 
a new game bird with the head of a 
pheasant and wing and tail featheis 
of a grouse is the result. 





3 2044 093 261 691 



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